ARCHITECTURAL STYLES SUMMARY

 

1). PUEBLOAN ERA: 1500-1650

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Built by ancient Puebloan people * Made with sticks, mud and grass * Built into cliffs and caves * Intended for community living & worship

2). COLONIAL ERA:  1600-1800

 Built in the style of the Mother country but altered to the needs of the Colonies * Have two or three stories, fireplaces, and brick or wood facades * Floor plan has the kitchen and family room on the first floor and the bedrooms on the second floor * Easy to add on to at the side or the back.

A). British Colonialcolo

B). Dutch Colonial

C). French Colonial

D). Spanish Colonial

 

3). GEORGIAN ERA: 1714-1830

Named for the 4 Successive King Georges (I, II, III & IV) * Reflected Colonial growth and prosperity * side-gabled roof and a symmetrical arrangement of windows and doors on the front façade * Meant to be more formal * Based on the classical architecture of Greece and Rome

Aspect-of-Beautiful-Georgian-Style-Homes.jpg

 

4). NEOCLASSICISM: 1780-1820

Result of a revival of Greek & Roman thoughts and ideals * Characterized by grandeur of scale & simplicity of geometric forms * Uses Roman details such as columns, polished marble and blank walls * Adornments based on Greek and Roman mythology * Clean style with hard edges * Still had English flair

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A). Federalist

B). Jeffersonian

C). Greek Revival

D). Antebellum

 

5). VICTORIAN ERA: 1830-1920

Prompted by Queen Victoria and the long period of peace during her reign * The industrial revolution sparked a boom in the housing industry making elaborate homes more affordable * Blended Gothic, Greek, Indian and Italian styles * Nicknamed ‘Gingerbread houses’ due to the fine detailing of spindles, ornate windows, and textured shingles. Intended to be individualistic and have disproportionate porches and an asymmetrical design.

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A). Queen Anne

B). Gothic Revival

C). Second Empire / Baroque Revival

D). Colonial Revival

E). Mission

F). Tudor Revival

G). Prairie

H). Romanesque

I). Chateauesque

 

                                           6). MODERNISM ERA: 1920-1960

As skyscrapers went up, new styles emerged based upon the new and innovative technologies of construction and the use of glass, steel and reinforced concrete *  A ‘Modern’ look means simplicity in form and design * Characterized by clean lines, basic shapes, simple forms, geometric lines * what-did-american-homes-look-like-from-1930-to-1965-60s-style-house-remodel-ideasEmbraces minimalism

 

 

 

 

Many other styles emerged during this time period depending on location and need:

Garrison Style                                                                                               Salt Box Style

      Ranch Style                                                                                                       Farmhouse Style

 

 

 

 

 

 

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